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Ankle Arthritis

If you suffer from deteriorative arthritis, please Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.

What Is Ankle Arthritis?

Ankle arthritis is a condition characterized by inflammation and degeneration of the cartilage in the ankle joint. Cartilage is a smooth, protective tissue that covers the ends of the bones and allows for smooth movement of the joint. When the cartilage in the ankle wears down or becomes damaged, it can lead to pain, stiffness, and limited mobility.

What Are The Different Types of Ankle Arthritis?

There are different types of ankle arthritis, including:

  1. Osteoarthritis: This is the most common type of ankle arthritis and typically occurs as a result of age-related wear and tear on the joint. It can also be caused by a previous injury or repetitive stress on the ankle joint.
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis: This is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the joint tissues, including the ankle. Rheumatoid arthritis can cause inflammation, pain, and joint damage.
  3. Post-traumatic arthritis: This type of arthritis develops after a significant ankle injury, such as a fracture or severe sprain. The injury can damage the joint surfaces and lead to the development of arthritis over time.

What Are The Symptoms Of Ankle Arthritis?

Symptoms of ankle arthritis may include:

  • Pain in the ankle joint, especially with movement or weight-bearing activities.
  • Stiffness and reduced range of motion in the ankle.
  • Swelling and tenderness around the joint.
  • Difficulty walking or performing activities that require ankle movement.
  • Joint deformity or instability in advanced cases.

Treatment for Ankle Arthritis

Treatment for ankle arthritis aims to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and improve joint function. It can include a combination of non-surgical and surgical options, depending on the severity of the condition and the individual’s symptoms. Non-surgical treatments may include:

  • Medications: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or pain relievers can help manage pain and reduce inflammation.
  • Physical therapy: Specific exercises can help improve strength, flexibility, and joint stability.
  • Assistive devices: Using a brace, orthotic inserts, or a cane can provide support and reduce stress on the ankle joint.
  • Lifestyle modifications: Weight management, low-impact exercises, and avoiding activities that aggravate symptoms can be beneficial.

If non-surgical treatments do not provide sufficient relief, surgical options such as ankle arthroscopy, joint fusion (arthrodesis), or joint replacement (arthroplasty) may be considered. These procedures aim to reduce pain and improve joint function.

It is important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and to discuss the most appropriate treatment plan for ankle arthritis. They can provide guidance on managing symptoms and improving quality of life.


If you would like to speak to an Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Specialist, give us a call at 817-697-4038, or contact us over the web. Telemedicine appointments are also available.