If you need a biopsy, please Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.
What Is A Biopsy?
A biopsy is a medical procedure in which a sample of tissue or cells is taken from the body for examination and diagnostic purposes. Biopsies are performed to help diagnose various medical conditions and to determine if a particular area of the body shows signs of abnormal or diseased tissue. The tissue sample obtained during a biopsy is analyzed under a microscope by a pathologist, who provides a detailed report of the findings.
Types of Biopsies:
- Needle Biopsy: In this type of biopsy, a thin needle is used to remove a small sample of tissue or fluid from the body. Needle biopsies can be performed using different imaging techniques for guidance, such as ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI.
- Excisional Biopsy: This type of biopsy involves the removal of an entire lump or suspicious area, along with a margin of normal tissue surrounding it. Excisional biopsies are commonly used for smaller masses or easily accessible lesions.
- Incisional Biopsy: In an incisional biopsy, only a portion of a larger lesion or tumor is removed for examination. This method is used when removing the entire mass would be difficult or risky.
- Endoscopic Biopsy: Endoscopic procedures use a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light (endoscope) to visualize and biopsy tissues from inside the body. This approach is commonly used for gastrointestinal or respiratory tract biopsies.
- Bone Marrow Biopsy: In this type of biopsy, a small sample of bone marrow is taken from the hipbone or sternum using a special needle. Bone marrow biopsies are used to assess blood disorders and some types of cancers.
- Surgical Biopsy: A surgical biopsy involves the removal of a tissue sample through an open surgical procedure. It may be performed when other types of biopsies are inconclusive or when a more extensive sample is required.
Purpose of a Biopsy: Biopsies are performed to diagnose various conditions, including:
- Cancer: Biopsies are crucial in diagnosing different types of cancer and determining its stage and extent.
- Infections: Biopsies can help identify the presence of infectious agents and determine the appropriate treatment.
- Autoimmune Diseases: Biopsies can aid in diagnosing autoimmune disorders by examining affected tissues.
- Inflammatory Conditions: Biopsies may be used to assess inflammation or damage in organs and tissues.
- Genetic and Metabolic Disorders: In some cases, biopsies can help diagnose specific genetic or metabolic disorders.
Biopsies are typically considered safe procedures, but they may carry some risks, such as bleeding, infection, or damage to nearby structures. The specific type of biopsy performed depends on the suspected medical condition and the location of the affected tissue. The decision to perform a biopsy is made based on the patient’s medical history, physical examination, and the results of previous tests or imaging studies.