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If you need a bone marrow aspirate, please Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.

What Is A Bone Marrow Aspirate?

In bone marrow aspirate, healthcare providers extract a sample of bone marrow from a donor’s or patient’s bone for various medical purposes. Additionally, bone marrow, found inside certain bones like the hip bones, breastbone (sternum), and bones of the spine, constitutes soft, spongy tissue.

Stem cells, found in bone marrow, possess the ability to differentiate into various types of blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. These blood cells play essential roles in vital functions such as transporting oxygen, responding to infections in the immune system, and aiding in blood clotting.

The Purpose of Bone Marrow Aspirate

Bone marrow aspirate serves multiple purposes in medical practice. For diagnostic purposes, it aids in identifying various blood-related disorders, including leukemia, lymphoma, anemia, and other hematological conditions. Doctors analyze the bone marrow sample under a microscope and conduct specialized tests to detect abnormal cell populations, enabling them to determine the underlying cause of the patient’s symptoms.

Additionally, this procedure can be utilized for therapeutic purposes, particularly in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or bone marrow transplantation. During these procedures, healthcare providers transplant healthy stem cells obtained from the donor’s or patient’s bone marrow into the recipient’s bloodstream. This process aims to replace damaged or diseased bone marrow, restoring normal blood cell production and facilitating recovery from various hematological disorders.

The Procedure of Bone Marrow Aspirate

Preparing for this procedure entails positioning the patient or donor lying on their side or stomach and then cleaning and sterilizing the extraction site. Afterward, healthcare providers administer local anesthesia to numb the skin and surrounding tissues, reducing discomfort during the procedure. Using a specialized needle, they pierce the skin and access the bone marrow space. Subsequently, the provider inserts the needle into the bone marrow cavity, draws  a small amount of bone marrow fluid into a syringe. The collected bone marrow fluid is then sent to the laboratory for analysis or further processing, depending on the purpose of the aspirate.

Specialized medical professionals trained in bone marrow procedures typically perform the bone marrow aspirate procedure, which is generally safe and well-tolerated, causing only minor discomfort during and after the procedure. The obtained sample is sent to a laboratory for analysis, and the results, crucial for diagnosing and guiding the treatment of various blood disorders, play a crucial role.




If you would like to speak to an Orthopedic  Specialist, give us a call at 817-697-4038, or contact us over the web. Tele-medicine appointments are also available.