A brain shunt, considered a medical device that relieves pressure on the brain caused by excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). When the brain produces more CSF than it can absorb, the excess fluid can build up and cause increased pressure, leading to a variety of neurological symptoms. Brain shunts typically treat conditions such as hydrocephalus, characterized by an imbalance between the production and absorption of CSF. Treatment for brain shunts typically involves surgical implantation of the device, which diverts excess CSF to another part of the body where it can get absorbed. In some cases, the shunt may need readjustment or replaced if it gets blocked or infected.
There are several different types of brain shunts available, including ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts, ventriculoatrial (VA) shunts, and lumboperitoneal (LP) shunts. Each type of shunt has its own unique benefits and drawbacks, and the choice of shunt will depend on the patient’s specific condition and medical history. In addition to shunt surgery, other treatments for brain shunts may include medication to manage symptoms such as headache and nausea. Physical therapy and rehabilitation may also come recommended to help patients recover from any neurological deficits caused by increased pressure on the brain. With the right treatment, individuals with brain shunts can lead a healthy and normal life.