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What Is Capsular Release?
Capsular release, also known as capsulotomy or joint capsule surgery, is a surgical procedure performed to release or loosen the tight or constricted joint capsule. The joint capsule is a fibrous structure that surrounds and encloses a joint, providing stability and limiting excessive movement.
Capsular release is commonly performed in cases where there is excessive joint stiffness, contracture, or limited range of motion due to a tight or thickened capsule. This can occur as a result of injury, trauma, or certain medical conditions, such as adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder) or joint inflammation.
During capsular release, the surgeon makes small incisions around the joint and accesses the joint capsule. Using surgical instruments, the tight or constricted portion of the capsule is carefully incised or released. This procedure aims to increase the flexibility and mobility of the joint by allowing more movement within the joint capsule.
The specific technique used in capsular release may vary depending on the joint being treated and the severity of the condition. In some cases, the procedure may be performed arthroscopically, where small incisions are made, and a camera and specialized instruments are inserted to visualize and release the capsule.
Following capsular release, rehabilitation and physical therapy are typically recommended to optimize the outcomes. The goal of rehabilitation is to restore strength, range of motion, and function to the joint. Physical therapy exercises and stretching techniques are commonly prescribed to help regain flexibility and improve joint mobility.
As with any surgical procedure, capsular release carries certain risks and potential complications, including infection, bleeding, nerve or blood vessel injury, and recurrence of tightness or contracture. It is important to consult with an orthopedic surgeon or a specialist in joint disorders to evaluate your specific condition and determine the most appropriate treatment plan, including the consideration of capsular release.