Phone: 817-697-4038 Fax: 877-409-3962


If you need a capsulotomy, please Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.

What Is A Capsulotomy?

Capsulotomy is a surgical procedure that involves making an incision or releasing the fibrous capsule surrounding a joint. The joint capsule is a thick, fibrous tissue that encloses the joint, providing stability and containing the synovial fluid that lubricates and nourishes the joint. Surgeons perform this procedure to enhance the range of motion in a joint characterized by limited mobility caused by a tight or contracted capsule.

In open Capsulotomy the surgeon makes a surgical incision to directly access and open the joint capsule. Open capsulotomy allows for precise visualization and manipulation of the joint capsule, making it suitable for complex or challenging cases. However, in Arthroscopic Capsulotomy, surgeons perform arthroscopic capsulotomy, a minimally invasive procedure utilizing an arthroscope, a thin, flexible tube with a camera and light at the end. They insert the arthroscope through small incisions and use surgical instruments to release the tight joint capsule.


Conditions Requiring Capsulotomy

Surgeons recommend capsulotomy when a joint becomes stiff or loses its range of motion due to a contracted or tight capsule. Joint injuries can cause scar tissue and inflammation to tighten the joint capsule, limiting movement. Inflammatory arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, can cause synovial inflammation and thickening of the joint capsule, leading to joint stiffness. Following joint surgery, excessive scar tissue may develop, reducing joint mobility.
Certain medical conditions or prolonged immobilization can lead to joint contractures, resulting in a limited range of motion.

Capsulotomy Recovery and Rehabilitation

Following capsulotomy, patients engage in a post-operative rehabilitation period to optimize joint function and range of motion. Healthcare providers prescribe physical therapy and exercises to gradually stretch and strengthen the joint. Adhering to the surgeon’s instructions and actively participating in rehabilitation are crucial for achieving the best possible outcomes.

It’s essential to understand that this procedure is usually considered after conservative treatments, such as physical therapy or anti-inflammatory medications, have failed to improve joint mobility. The decision to perform a capsulotomy depends on the patient’s specific condition, medical history, and the degree of joint stiffness. Like any surgical procedure, capsulotomy carries risks, and patients should discuss potential benefits and complications with their orthopedic surgeon before proceeding with the surgery.


If you would like to speak to an Orthopedic Specialist, give us a call at 817-697-4038, or contact us over the web. Tele-medicine appointments are also available.