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If you suffer from deep vein thrombosis, please Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.

What Is Deep Vein Thrombosis?

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a condition characterized by the formation of a blood clot, known as a thrombus, in one of the deep veins, usually in the leg. It occurs when blood clotting factors accumulate and form a clot within a vein, obstructing blood flow.

Common risk factors for DVT include:

  1. Prolonged immobility: Extended periods of inactivity, such as during long flights or bed rest, can increase the risk of developing blood clots.
  2. Surgery or trauma: Certain surgical procedures, especially those involving the lower extremities or abdomen, can contribute to the formation of blood clots. Additionally, major injuries or fractures can also increase the risk.
  3. Pregnancy and childbirth: Hormonal changes during pregnancy, as well as pressure on veins in the pelvis during childbirth, can contribute to the development of DVT.
  4. Hormonal therapy and contraception: Certain forms of hormonal therapy, such as estrogen-based medications, and the use of hormonal contraceptives can increase the risk of blood clots.
  5. Medical conditions: Several medical conditions, including cancer, heart disease, lung disease, and certain inherited blood clotting disorders, can predispose individuals to DVT.

Indications Of Deep Vein Thrombosis

The signs and symptoms of DVT may vary, but common manifestations include:

The affected leg exhibits swelling, warmth, and redness, accompanied by pain or tenderness often described as cramping or soreness. Flexing the foot upward typically exacerbates the pain (Homans sign). Enlarged or visible veins may appear on the leg’s surface along with skin discoloration. Addtionally, these veins can range from pale to blue. Some individuals may not experience any symptoms, highlighting the importance of recognizing risk factors and seeking medical attention if concerned. Being vigilant about these signs can lead to early diagnosis and intervention, crucial for managing conditions like deep vein thrombosis effectively.

If left untreated, a blood clot from DVT can break loose and travel to the lungs, causing a potentially life-threatening condition called pulmonary embolism (PE).

Diagnosis of DVT usually involves a combination of clinical assessment, medical history, and imaging tests. Ultrasound imaging is commonly used to visualize the affected veins and confirm the presence of a clot.

Deep Vein Thrombosis Procedure

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) treatment typically begins with anticoagulant therapy to prevent the blood clot from growing larger. Additionally, reducing the risk of complications like pulmonary embolism. This involves medications such as heparin or warfarin, which inhibit clot formation and promote blood flow.

In cases where anticoagulants alone are insufficient or when there’s a high risk of clot dislodgment, procedures like thrombectomy may be necessary. Thrombectomy involves the surgical removal of the blood clot from the affected vein. Moreover, usually, using specialized catheters or devices to break up and extract the clot.

Alternatively, thrombolysis may be performed, where clot-dissolving medications are administered directly into the clot via a catheter. This procedure helps to rapidly dissolve the clot and restore normal blood flow in severe cases of DVT.

After these procedures, patients typically continue anticoagulant therapy to prevent new clots from forming and to support the healing process. Regular follow-up monitoring ensures treatment effectiveness and reduces the risk of recurrence.

Treatment For Deep Vein Thrombosis

Treatment for DVT typically involves the use of anticoagulant medications, also known as blood thinners. This aids in preventing the clot from enlarging and to reduce the risk of complications. In some cases, procedures such as thrombolytic therapy or placement of a filter in the inferior vena cava (IVC) may be necessary.

Prevention of DVT includes regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding prolonged immobility. wearing compression stockings, and using anticoagulant medications as prescribed in high-risk situations.

If you suspect you have symptoms of DVT or are at risk, it is important to seek prompt medical evaluation and treatment. A healthcare professional, such as a vascular specialist or hematologist, can provide an accurate diagnosis and develop an appropriate management plan.


    If you would like to speak to an Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Specialist, give us a call at 817-697-4038, or contact us over the web. Telemedicine appointments are also available.