DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS
If you suffer from deep vein thrombosis, please Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.
What Is Deep Vein Thrombosis?
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a condition characterized by the formation of a blood clot, known as a thrombus, in one of the deep veins, usually in the leg. It occurs when blood clotting factors accumulate and form a clot within a vein, obstructing blood flow.
Common risk factors for DVT include:
- Prolonged immobility: Extended periods of inactivity, such as during long flights or bed rest, can increase the risk of developing blood clots.
- Surgery or trauma: Certain surgical procedures, especially those involving the lower extremities or abdomen, can contribute to the formation of blood clots. Additionally, major injuries or fractures can also increase the risk.
- Pregnancy and childbirth: Hormonal changes during pregnancy, as well as pressure on veins in the pelvis during childbirth, can contribute to the development of DVT.
- Hormonal therapy and contraception: Certain forms of hormonal therapy, such as estrogen-based medications, and the use of hormonal contraceptives can increase the risk of blood clots.
- Medical conditions: Several medical conditions, including cancer, heart disease, lung disease, and certain inherited blood clotting disorders, can predispose individuals to DVT.
Indications Of Deep Vein Thrombosis
The signs and symptoms of DVT may vary, but common manifestations include:
- Swelling, warmth, and redness in the affected leg
- Pain or tenderness in the leg, often described as a cramp or soreness
- Increased pain when flexing the foot upward (Homans sign)
- Enlarged veins or visible veins on the surface of the leg
- Skin discoloration, turning pale or blue
- Some individuals may experience no symptoms at all, making it important to be aware of risk factors and seek medical attention if concerned.
If left untreated, a blood clot from DVT can break loose and travel to the lungs, causing a potentially life-threatening condition called pulmonary embolism (PE).
Diagnosis of DVT usually involves a combination of clinical assessment, medical history, and imaging tests. Ultrasound imaging is commonly used to visualize the affected veins and confirm the presence of a clot.
Treatment For Deep Vein Thrombosis
Treatment for DVT typically involves the use of anticoagulant medications, also known as blood thinners, to prevent the clot from enlarging and to reduce the risk of complications. In some cases, procedures such as thrombolytic therapy (using medication to dissolve the clot) or placement of a filter in the inferior vena cava (IVC) may be necessary.
Prevention of DVT includes regular physical activity, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding prolonged immobility, wearing compression stockings, and using anticoagulant medications as prescribed in high-risk situations.
If you suspect you have symptoms of DVT or are at risk, it is important to seek prompt medical evaluation and treatment. A healthcare professional, such as a vascular specialist or hematologist, can provide an accurate diagnosis and develop an appropriate management plan.