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Finger Contracture, Bent Finger

If you suffer from finger contracture please Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.

What Is Finger Contracture, Bent Finger?

Finger contracture, also known as a bent finger, refers to the abnormal flexion or curvature of one or more fingers. It occurs when the muscles, tendons, or ligaments in the finger become tight, shortened, or restricted, preventing the finger from straightening fully.

Finger contractures can be caused by various factors, including:

  1. Dupuytren’s contracture: This condition involves the thickening and tightening of the tissue beneath the skin of the palm, leading to the gradual bending of one or more fingers, typically the ring or little finger.
  2. Rheumatoid arthritis: Inflammation and joint damage associated with rheumatoid arthritis can lead to finger joint deformities and contractures.
  3. Traumatic injury: Finger contractures can develop following injuries such as fractures, dislocations, or tendon injuries that result in scarring, adhesions, or tissue damage.
  4. Neurological conditions: Certain neurological conditions like stroke, cerebral palsy, or peripheral nerve damage can cause muscle weakness or imbalances, leading to finger contractures.

Treatments For Finger Contracture

The severity of finger contractures can vary, ranging from mild stiffness to severe deformity that significantly impairs hand function. Treatment options for finger contractures depend on the underlying cause, the degree of contracture, and the individual’s functional needs. They may include:

  1. Hand therapy and exercises: Stretching and strengthening exercises under the guidance of a hand therapist can help improve finger flexibility and prevent further contracture progression.
  2. Splinting: Custom-made splints or orthoses can be used to maintain finger alignment, stretch tight structures, and prevent further contracture development.
  3. Medications: In some cases, medications such as corticosteroids or collagenase injections may be used to reduce inflammation, soften scar tissue, or dissolve fibrous cords associated with certain types of contractures.
  4. Surgical intervention: When conservative measures are ineffective or the contracture is severe, surgical procedures may be considered. Surgical options can include releasing or lengthening tight structures, removing scar tissue, or correcting joint deformities.

It is important to seek medical evaluation and consultation with a hand specialist or orthopedic surgeon for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan tailored to the specific needs of the individual. Early intervention and appropriate management of finger contractures can help improve hand function, minimize discomfort, and enhance overall quality of life.


If you would like to speak to an Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Specialist, give us a call at 817-697-4038, or contact us over the web. Tele-medicine appointments are also available.