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If you suffer from severe pain caused by joint pain, please don’t hesitate to Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.

What Does Genicular Mean?

The word “genicular” refers to the arteries and nerves that both feed into the knee joint. This bundle of nerves send and receives pain signals in the knee, and lies at the source of the sometimes unbearable pain felt by patients suffering from osteoarthritis in the knee.

What Is A Genicular Nerve Block?

A genicular nerve block is a medical procedure that involves injecting a local anesthetic or a combination of local anesthetics and corticosteroids near the genicular nerves. The genicular nerves, which supply the knee joint with sensory input, play a role in transmitting pain signals from the knee to the brain.

Healthcare providers perform genicular nerve blocks as a diagnostic and therapeutic intervention for individuals experiencing chronic knee pain that is not effectively managed by conservative treatments. The procedure aims to offer temporary pain relief and assist in pinpointing the source of pain originating from the knee joint.

During the genicular nerve block procedure, the healthcare provider typically employs fluoroscopic guidance (real-time X-ray imaging) to precisely locate the genicular nerves and guide the needle into the appropriate position. Once the needle has been correctly placed, the healthcare provider injects a local anesthetic or a combination of local anesthetics and corticosteroids around the genicular nerves to block the transmission of pain signals.

The effects of a genicular nerve block can vary among individuals. Some people may experience immediate pain relief, while others may have a delayed response or only partial relief. The duration of pain relief also varies, but it can last from hours to weeks.

In addition to diagnostic purposes, genicular nerve blocks can serve as a therapeutic option for individuals with chronic knee pain. By providing temporary pain relief, genicular nerve blocks can help determine if the genicular nerves are the primary source of pain. If the block successfully provides significant pain relief, it may suggest that healthcare providers could consider a more definitive treatment. This may include radiofrequency ablation (RFA). RFA entails using radiofrequency energy to heat and destroy the genicular nerves, delivering longer-lasting pain relief.

Genicular Nerve Block Risks

Healthcare professionals with expertise in interventional pain management or anesthesiology typically perform genicular nerve blocks. The procedure involves certain risks and potential complications, including infection, bleeding, nerve damage, and allergic reactions to the medications used. Therefore, it’s crucial for you to discuss the benefits, risks, and alternatives of the procedure with your healthcare provider and follow their guidance.

Overall, healthcare providers find genicular nerve blocks to be a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool in managing chronic knee pain. They offer temporary relief and help guide further treatment options for individuals experiencing knee joint-related pain.

Genicular Nerve Block Recovery

Genicular nerve block recovery usually proceeds smoothly, with patients often experiencing immediate knee pain relief. After the procedure, patients typically rest and avoid strenuous activities for a short period to allow the injection site to heal. Additionally, some patients notice minor bruising or soreness at the injection site. However, this usually resolves within a few days. Moreover, applying ice and taking over-the-counter pain relievers help manage these mild side effects.

Physical therapy may enhance mobility and strengthen the knee, contributing to long-term pain management and recovery. Patients follow their doctor’s instructions on activity levels, gradually resuming normal routines as comfort and function improve. Regular follow-up appointments ensure the nerve block’s effectiveness and address any concerns. Overall, genicular nerve block recovery is generally uncomplicated. Futhermore, offering significant pain relief and improved knee function, allowing patients to return to their daily activities with reduced discomfort.



If you would like to speak to one of our orthopedic specialists, give us a call at 817-697-4038, or contact us over the web. Tele-medicine appointments are also available.