If you’ve suffered a glenoid fracture or experience severe arm pain, please Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.
What is a Glenoid Fracture?
The Glenoid refers to the small cavity where the upper arm sockets into the shoulder socket. Due to injury, the Glenoid can fracture, either on the rim of the socket or the center. Patients suffering from a Glenoid fracture will experience pain, swelling, and bruising of the shoulder. To fracture the Glenoid usually requires a large amount of force from something such as an auto accident or large fall. Patients with conditions such as Osteoporosis have a higher risk of all types of bone fracture, due to decreased bone density.
In most cases, an Orthopedic Specialist will have to operate on a Glenoid fracture since the nature of the injury will usually dislocate the joint. If allowed to heal while out of position, the bone can possibly heal incorrectly and lead to further problems.
What are the symptoms of a Glenoid Fracture?
Symptoms of a glenoid fracture include shoulder pain, swelling, deformity at the site of the fracture, and inability to move the arm. Your doctor will perform a thorough physical examination and order x-rays or a CT scan to determine the extent of the fracture and displacement of the joint.
What are the types of Glenoid Fractures?
Glenoid Lip Fractures: Glenoid lip fractures occur when there is a shoulder dislocation or shoulder subluxation, and the ball comes out of the socket. As the ball dislocates, it can push against the rim of the glenoid socket, causing a fragment of the bone to fracture. Treatment of a glenoid rim fracture is focused on restoring the normal contour of the shoulder socket to prevent recurrent instability (repeat dislocations) of the shoulder joint. Surgical treatment is often considered for these injuries, especially when the fracture is out of position or if there is a large fragment of the glenoid bone.
Glenoid Fossa Fractures: The glenoid fossa is the center portion of the socket. Glenoid fossa fractures are much less common injuries, and often associated with severe trauma. There is little data on the ideal treatment of these injuries because they are so uncommon. However, most surgeons agree that fracture management decisions must take into account both the fracture type and the patient’s need. More active patients with fractures that are not in the proper position will most likely benefit from surgery to realign these injuries.