Knuckle Joint Replacement
If you suffer from swelling and stiffness, please Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.
What Is A Knuckle Joint Replacement?
Knuckle joint replacement, or metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint replacement, is a surgical procedure performed to address severe arthritis, joint deformity, or other conditions affecting the knuckle joint. Here’s a more comprehensive overview:
Symptoms: The symptoms of knuckle joint problems can include pain, swelling, stiffness, reduced range of motion, and difficulty performing daily activities that involve hand and finger movements.
Causes: The most common cause of knuckle joint damage is arthritis, particularly osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Other factors such as trauma, injury, or certain systemic diseases can also contribute to joint deterioration.
Treatment: Non-surgical treatments like medication, splinting, physical therapy, and joint injections are usually tried first to manage symptoms. However, if conservative measures fail to provide relief, knuckle joint replacement may be considered.
Procedure: Knuckle joint replacement is typically performed under general or regional anesthesia. During the procedure, the damaged joint surfaces are removed, and the bones are reshaped to accommodate the artificial joint. The artificial joint, composed of metal and/or plastic components, is then securely implanted. The specific approach and implant type may vary depending on the individual case.
Recovery: After surgery, a period of recovery and rehabilitation is necessary. The length and intensity of the recovery process can vary, but physical therapy is usually recommended to regain strength, flexibility, and function in the hand. It may take several months for full recovery, and regular follow-up visits with the surgeon are essential to monitor progress.
Benefits: Knuckle joint replacement can provide significant pain relief, improve joint function, and restore hand mobility, allowing individuals to resume daily activities and regain a better quality of life.
Risks and Complications: As with any surgical procedure, there are risks involved, such as infection, bleeding, blood clots, nerve or blood vessel injury, implant problems, and limited improvement in symptoms. Your surgeon will discuss these risks with you before the procedure.
It’s important to consult with an experienced orthopedic surgeon to determine if knuckle joint replacement is the appropriate treatment option for your specific condition. They can evaluate your symptoms, conduct diagnostic tests, and provide personalized recommendations for the best course of action.