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Microdiscectomy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure aimed at relieving the pain caused by herniated discs in the spinal column. This advanced technique has become increasingly popular due to its excellent results and rapid patient recovery. In this blog post, we will explore what microdiscectomy is, how it is performed, and the benefits of this procedure.

What is Microdiscectomy?

Microdiscectomy is a surgical procedure performed to remove a portion of a herniated or protruding intervertebral disc that is compressing the spinal nerves. Herniated discs occur when the disc, which acts as a cushion between the vertebrae, ruptures, and its gel-like center protrudes, compressing the adjacent nerve roots. This condition can cause intense pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness in the affected areas.

How is Microdiscectomy Performed?

Microdiscectomy is performed under general or local anesthesia with sedation. The surgeon makes a small incision in the skin, near the affected area of the spinal column. Then, a surgical microscope or camera is used to visualize and access the herniated disc. With the help of delicate surgical instruments, the surgeon removes the portion of the herniated disc that is compressing the nerves. After the removal, the incision is closed with stitches or special adhesive.

Benefits of Microdiscectomy:

Pain relief: Removing the pressure on the nerve roots leads to significant pain relief associated with the herniated disc. Many patients report immediate improvement after the procedure.

Rapid recovery: Microdiscectomy is considered a faster recovery procedure compared to more invasive spine surgeries. Most patients can return to normal activities within a few weeks.

Low risk of complications: The minimally invasive nature of microdiscectomy reduces the risk of postoperative complications such as infections and damage to surrounding tissues.

Shorter hospital stay: In many cases, microdiscectomy is performed on an outpatient basis, meaning the patient can return home on the same day of the surgery.

Final Thoughts: A microdiscectomy is an effective option for treating lower back pain caused by herniated discs. This minimally invasive procedure offers quick and long-lasting pain relief, as well as a faster recovery compared to more invasive surgeries. However, it is important to remember that each case is unique, and the appropriate treatment should be determined in consultation with a specialist. Microdiscectomy is generally recommended when other non-invasive treatments such as physiotherapy, medication, and rest are not effective in reducing symptoms.

Postoperative Care

During the postoperative period, it is crucial to follow the medical guidelines to ensure proper recovery. This may include avoiding intense physical activities, maintaining good posture, following a rehabilitation program, and taking prescribed medications to alleviate pain and inflammation. It is important to note that microdiscectomy is a surgical procedure and, like any intervention, carries some risks and potential complications. Although it is considered safe with a low rate of complications, it is essential to discuss the specific benefits and risks with the surgeon before deciding to undergo the procedure.


In summary, microdiscectomy is an effective option for treating back pain caused by herniated discs. This minimally invasive procedure offers pain relief, rapid recovery, and shorter hospital stays. If you are experiencing back pain due to a herniated disc, consult a specialist to evaluate the best treatment option for your specific case. Always remember to seek medical advice before making any decisions related to your health.


If you would like to speak to a Precision Orthopedic Specialist in the North Texas Area, give us a call at 817-697-4038, or contact us over the web. Telemedicine appointments are also available.