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Nail Fungus

If you suffer from pain or discomfort, please Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.

What Is Nail Fungus?

Nail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a common condition that affects the nails, usually the toenails. It is caused by a fungal infection that can invade the nail bed, nail plate, or both.

The most common type of fungus responsible for nail infections is called dermatophyte. However, other fungi, such as yeast and mold, can also cause this condition.

Indication Of Nail Fungus

This condiion typically begins with a small white or yellow spot on the nail, usually near the edge. As the infection progresses, the fungus may spread deeper into the nail, leading to thickening, discoloration, and brittleness. Other common signs and symptoms include:

  1. Yellowing or whitening of the nail.
  2. Nail thickening, making it difficult to trim or maintain.
  3. Crumbling or brittle nails.
  4. Distorted or ragged nail shape.
  5. Separation of the nail from the nail bed.
  6. Foul odor from the affected nail.
  7. Pain or discomfort in severe cases.

Causing Factors Include

  1. Warm and moist environments: Fungi thrive in warm, damp conditions, such as swimming pools, locker rooms, and shoes that promote perspiration.
  2. Injury or trauma to the nail: Damaged nails are more susceptible to fungal infections.
  3. Weakened immune system: Certain medical conditions or medications that suppress the immune system can increase the risk of nail fungus.
  4. Poor foot hygiene: Not keeping the feet clean and dry can create an environment conducive to fungal growth.
  5. Diabetes or circulation problems: These conditions can impair blood flow and increase the risk of nail fungus.

Treatment Options

Treatment can be challenging, and it often requires consistent and long-term efforts. Common treatment options include:

  1. Topical antifungal medications: Over-the-counter or prescription antifungal creams, lotions, or nail lacquers can be applied directly to the affected nail.
  2. Oral antifungal medications: Prescription oral medications may be recommended for more severe or resistant cases of nail fungus.
  3. Nail debridement: Trimming, filing, or removing the infected nail material can help improve the effectiveness of topical treatments.
  4. Laser therapy: Some healthcare providers offer laser treatments that target and destroy the fungus in the nail.
  5. Surgical nail removal: In severe cases, when other treatments are ineffective, surgical removal of the affected nail may be necessary.

Prevention involves practicing good foot hygiene, such as keeping the feet clean and dry, wearing breathable shoes and socks, avoiding sharing personal items like nail clippers or shoes, and using antifungal powders or sprays in shoes and socks.

If you suspect you have nail fungus, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional, such as a dermatologist or podiatrist, who can accurately diagnose the condition and recommend appropriate treatment options based on the severity and extent of the infection.


If you would like to speak to an Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Specialist, give us a call at 817-697-4038, or contact us over the web. Telemedicine appointments are also available.