Osteopenia, a condition characterized by low bone density, which can increase the risk of fractures and other bone-related problems. The condition can occur due to a variety of factors, including hormonal changes, nutritional deficiencies, and certain medications. Treatment for osteopenia typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medication. Lifestyle changes may include regular weight-bearing exercise, a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D, and avoidance of smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. Medications such as bisphosphonates, hormone replacement therapy, and selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) may also prescribe to help increase bone density and reduce the risk of fractures.
In addition to lifestyle changes and medication, other treatment options for osteopenia may include physical therapy and fall prevention measures. Physical therapy can help improve balance, strength, and flexibility, which can reduce the risk of falls and fractures. Fall prevention measures may include modifications to the home environment to reduce the risk of tripping or slipping, such as installing grab bars in the bathroom and removing loose rugs. Regular monitoring of bone density with bone density tests may also recommended to track the effectiveness of treatment and adjust the treatment plan as needed. With appropriate treatment and management, many people with osteopenia can maintain healthy bone density and reduce their risk of fractures.