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Swan Neck Deformity

If you suffer from swan neck deformity, please Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.

What Is Swan Neck Deformity?

Swan neck deformity affects the fingers, particularly the middle joint (proximal interphalangeal joint or PIP joint), causing the finger to assume an abnormal position and appearance. In this condition, the PIP joint hyperextends (bends backward) while the distal interphalangeal joint (DIP joint) flexes (bends forward), giving the finger a characteristic shape resembling a swan’s neck.

Various factors, including underlying conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, trauma, or tendon abnormalities, can cause this condition. Additionally, repetitive stress on the finger joints or genetic factors can contribute to its development.

Indication Of Swan Neck Deformity

Symptoms of this condition may include pain, stiffness, reduced grip strength, and difficulty in performing fine motor tasks. The abnormal finger positioning can adversely affect hand function and dexterity.

Treatments For Swan Neck Deformity

The treatment for this condition depends on the severity of the condition and its underlying cause. Non-surgical approaches may involve wearing splints or orthotic devices to support and stabilize the finger joints, performing exercises to enhance finger strength and flexibility, and utilizing assistive devices to compensate for hand function.

In some instances, surgical intervention may deem itself necessary to correct the deformity. Additionally, surgical procedures may entail repairing or releasing the tight or damaged ligaments, tendons, or joint capsules. In severe cases, joint fusion or joint replacement surgery may be considered.

Early diagnosis and intervention play crucial roles in preventing further progression of swan neck deformity and preserving hand function. Consulting with a hand specialist or orthopedic surgeon is recommended for proper evaluation, diagnosis, and management of this condition. They can devise an individualized treatment plan tailored to the patient’s specific needs and conditions.


If you would like to speak to an Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Specialist, give us a call at 817-697-4038, or contact us over the web. Tele-medicine appointments are also available.