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Swan Neck Deformity

If you suffer from swan neck deformity, please Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists as soon as possible.

What Is Swan Neck Deformity?

Swan neck deformity is a condition that affects the fingers, particularly the middle joint (proximal interphalangeal joint or PIP joint), causing an abnormal position and appearance of the finger. In swan neck deformity, the PIP joint hyperextends (bends backward) while the distal interphalangeal joint (DIP joint) flexes (bends forward), resulting in a characteristic shape resembling a swan’s neck.

Swan neck deformity can occur due to various reasons, including underlying conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, trauma, or tendon abnormalities. It can also be caused by repetitive stress on the finger joints or genetic factors.

Indication Of Swan Neck Deformity

The symptoms of swan neck deformity may include pain, stiffness, reduced grip strength, and difficulty in performing fine motor tasks. The abnormal finger positioning can affect hand function and dexterity.

Treatments For Swan Neck Deformity

Treatment for swan neck deformity depends on the severity of the condition and its underlying cause. Non-surgical approaches may include wearing splints or orthotic devices to support and stabilize the finger joints, performing exercises to improve finger strength and flexibility, and using assistive devices to compensate for hand function.

In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to correct the deformity. Surgical procedures can involve repairing or releasing the tight or damaged ligaments, tendons, or joint capsules, or in severe cases, joint fusion or joint replacement surgery may be considered.

Early diagnosis and intervention are important to prevent further progression of swan neck deformity and to preserve hand function. Consulting with a hand specialist or orthopedic surgeon is recommended for proper evaluation, diagnosis, and management of swan neck deformity. They can provide an individualized treatment plan based on the specific needs and conditions of the patient.


If you would like to speak to an Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Specialist, give us a call at 817-697-4038, or contact us over the web. Tele-medicine appointments are also available.