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What Is A Biceps Tenodesis?
Biceps tenodesis is a surgical procedure performed to treat certain conditions affecting the long head of the biceps tendon, which runs from the shoulder joint to the upper arm. This procedure involves reattaching or relocating the biceps tendon to alleviate pain and restore function.
Biceps tenodesis is typically considered when non-surgical treatments, such as physical therapy, medication, or rest, have not effectively relieved symptoms associated with biceps tendon issues. Some common conditions that may necessitate biceps tenodesis include:
- Biceps Tendon Tear: A tear in the long head of the biceps tendon, which can cause pain, weakness, and limited shoulder mobility.
- Biceps Tendonitis: Inflammation or irritation of the biceps tendon, often due to overuse or repetitive motions. It can lead to pain and reduced shoulder function.
- SLAP Tear: A Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior (SLAP) tear occurs when the biceps tendon is partially or completely detached from the labrum, a cartilage ring that stabilizes the shoulder joint.
During a biceps tenodesis procedure, the surgeon typically makes a small incision near the shoulder or upper arm. The torn or damaged portion of the biceps tendon is identified and released from its attachment in the shoulder joint. The tendon is then reattached to a different location on the humerus bone (upper arm bone) using sutures, anchors, or screws. This new attachment site is usually chosen to relieve symptoms and provide stability to the shoulder joint.
The goal of biceps tenodesis is to reduce pain, improve function, and restore strength in the affected arm. It may be performed arthroscopically, using minimally invasive techniques, or through an open surgical approach, depending on the specific case and surgeon’s preference.
Recovery from biceps tenodesis typically involves a period of immobilization followed by a gradual rehabilitation program. Physical therapy is commonly recommended to restore strength, flexibility, and range of motion in the shoulder.
As with any surgical procedure, there are risks associated with biceps tenodesis, including infection, nerve or blood vessel damage, stiffness, and failure of the tendon to heal properly. It is essential to consult with an orthopedic surgeon to determine if biceps tenodesis is the appropriate treatment option for your specific condition and to discuss the potential risks and benefits involved.